Optimal Health as conceived in Ayurveda is a perfect balance of body, mind and soul. Perfectly Healthy or “Swastha” is a state of equilibrium of the Doshas, Agni (metabolic fire), function of Dhatu (body tissues), Malas (excretory waste products) along with cheerful mind, intellect and senses. Any disturbance in this equilibrium due to internal or external factors lead to a diseased state. As Sushruta describes
“SAMDOSHA SAMAGNISCHA SAMDHATU MALKRIYA. PRASANNA AATMA INDRIYA MANA SWASTHA ITI ABHIDHIYATE”
Human mind has three components (triguna) i.e. sattva (pure state of mind), raja (passion/ desire) and tama (inertia/ ignorance), which interact with the biological components vata, pitta & kapha and decide the psychosomatic constitution of an individual (prakriti) at the time of conception.
Ayurveda emphasizes that psychosomatic constitution (Prakriti), which is peculiar to every individual, is responsible for the health or disease pattern in the individual.